|Tour Code|| :||PER022IZM|
|Tour Name|| :||Pergamum & Acropolis [Izmir Dep]|
|Tour Dates|| :||WEDNESDAY|
|Duration|| :||FULL DAY
| 08:30 - 17:30|
|Available Languages|| :||EN|
VISIT OF ANCIENT PERGAMUM & ACROPOLIS
The tour starts by picking-up from the hotel and guests are transported to the tour starting point.
Built on the hill raising more than 300 m / 1000 ft. above the surrounding valley, Pergamum (Greek for "citadel") is a predecessor of the modern Turkish town of Bergama.
Bergama is home to two celebrated archaeological sites: Acropolis of Pergamum & Asklepion, both listed among the top 100 historical sites on the Mediterranean.
Today we invite you to join us on visit to one of the world's most important historical sites Ancient Pergamum, today's Bergama. Bergama is one of the Turkey's oldest civilized settlements, which has been inhabited from prehistoric times through the Ionic, Roman and Byzantine civilizations. It has yielded archaeological treasures whose importance is recognized world-wide.
Known for centuries for its monuments it was a great city and served as the center of Pergamum Kingdom. Ruled by the Attalid dynasty, the city rose to prominence as an administrative center under King Eumenes II of Pergamum, who formed an alliance with the Roman Republic, severing ties with the Greeks.
PERGAMUM - HOME FOR PARCHMENT
Pergamum is credited with being the home and namesake of parchment (charta pergamena).
Prior to the creation of parchment; manuscripts were transcribed on papyrus, which was produced only in Alexandria. When the Ptolemies of Africa refused to export any more papyrus to Pergamum, King Eumenes II commanded that an alternative source be found. This led to the production of parchment, which is made out of a thin sheet of sheep or goat skin.
It was also the most favored of the Seven Churches of Asia Minor. Christianity reached Pergamum very early and its Church was praised for its extraordinary forbearance during times of persecution. It was here that Rome executed the first Christians.
ACROPOLIS OF PERGAMUM
Upon arrival in Bergama we will visit the stunning Acropolis of the Hellenistic city perched 300 M/1000 feet above the town. Remains include the Altar of Zeus, palaces, the Temples of Trajan and Dionysus and the world’s steepest amphitheater. The Temple of Zeus was one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world. The German engineer, Carl Humann, brought the altar now known as the Altar of Pergamum to Berlin.
- Transportation by fully air-conditioned, non-smoking vehicle
- Pick-up / drop-off from city center hotel in Kusadasi or Izmir
- Professional English speaking guide
- Entrance fees to the museums featured on the itinerary
- Lunch at the local Turkish restaurant
- Any personal expenses
- Meals and drinks unless specified
- Tips & gratuities
- Optional activities cost
- Turkish visa fee
- Travel and Health insurance
Children of age 2,99 and below are free of charge
- This is a scheduled motor-coach tour
- Group might consist of up to 20 people
- Group might include the people of different nationalities, cultures, ages and interests
- The regular tour is of a good value, but may not be the best choice for those who have special interests and/or concerns about keeping up with, or being held back by, a group.
- Touring is paced to allow the average traveler reasonable time to enjoy each site
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